How often do you visit the dentist? What sensations do you go to his office? I will say on my own - the sound of a drill causes shock and awe in me at the same time.
However, in the future, dentists will be able to postpone their instrument. According to the ACS Nano magazine, a new peptide
composed of a gel or a thin soft film, placed directly in the cavity of caries, causes the regeneration of bone cells inside the tooth within a month. This technology is the first of its kind.
The new gel will help get rid of the need to make fillings and drill deep into the root canals of the affected tooth. “This is not a toothpaste,” said Nadia Benkirane-Jessel, a researcher at the Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale and co-author of a recently released research paper on this topic. "In fact, we are trying to control caries after it has developed."
Drilling teeth and installing fillings is safe and effective. Dentists treat millions of diseased teeth every year around the world. However, although doctors do an anesthetic injection, most of us cringe at the sound of a drill. New research will help make the trip to the dental more pleasant. Instead of picking at the aching tooth, the doctor will only apply the gel to the problem area and the gel will in turn treat the tooth from the inside.
Caries is a very common disease that can cause discomfort, pain, and even tooth loss. When a person eats sour, consumes a lot of sweet or simply does not observe basic hygiene of the oral cavity, bacteria begin to destroy enamel (the hardest tissue of the human body is slightly inferior in hardness to diamond) and other minerals inside the tooth.
The causes of caries can be many, but the solution is almost always the same - drilling inside the tooth, removing decomposition products and sealing the carious cavity to prevent further damage.
A gel containing peptide also known as MSH (melanocyte-stimulating hormone) promotes the regeneration of bone tissue. And since the teeth and bones are similar, French scientists decided to try using it for teeth. To test their theory, they put a gel on the teeth of a gray mouse with caries. After about a month, the problem areas almost disappeared.
Benkirane-Jessel warns that the gel only treats caries, but does not prevent it. People still have to brush their teeth and paste and use dental floss.
“Dental treatment without preparing a carious cavity with a drill has its advantages,” says Hom-Lay Wang, a dentist from the University of Michigan. Caries and drilling can destroy the nerves and blood channels inside the tooth, making it more brittle and fragile. Restoration of the tooth will help avoid the installation of crowns. However, such treatment of the tooth from the inside is not possible in all cases. In advanced cases, you will still have to drill and seal.
Meanwhile, it is still necessary to conduct a lot of experiments for several years before MSH-gel will be available for patients.
PS I hope that all dentists of the world will not refrain from stopping research in this direction.