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Lomaster. Breaking the electoral system

The modern electoral system used for elections to various authorities (let’s leave the conversation - how democratic and fair these elections are) - appeared in the 19th and early 20th century. It is clear that no modern computers existed (although special calculating devices — tabulators, the remote descendants of which are modern computers, the future IBM firm developed just for holding elections and population censuses in the USA). In those years, communications were often limited to the possibility of sending the results of local elections by regular mail or special mail, so that the voting procedure was extended for weeks.

By the way, the current election system in the United States, where first elected commissioners, who already vote, is rooted in those times, and it becomes clear that such strange, in our opinion, procedures are quite practical in those years. The electors were both transmitters of information and the supervisory authority, ensuring that the votes sent were taken into account. Plus, sending several people instead of one meant greater security, both in terms of fake results and in purely physical terms - then the expanses of the Wild West were really wild, and the lone traveler had very good chances not to get anywhere at all.

So the weak points of modern elections

The main difficulty in building an electoral system is the contradictory requirements for it. The most obvious difficulties:
  1. The voter should have been certified as having the right to receive the ballot (that is, you need to check his documents and see if he is on the list, and if he did not vote already), but it should be done so that this check could not provide information about the choice which made the voter. This is now ensured by making the ballots the same, certifying the signature and the seals and prohibiting them from being taken out of the voting room. Thus, their number is determined, and the voter is anonymized.
  2. The voter usually has the right not to vote, but it must be ensured that it is impossible to “cast out” the votes of such non-voters.
  3. The voter must be ensured the right to vote in secret, and the voter’s ability must be prevented from documenting his choice. This is important - because voters often try to bribe and demand the demonstration of the “correct” voting.

The second difficulty is the unreliability of all the main components of the electoral system. A voter, a member of the commission and a higher authority can be dishonest and corrupt. It is necessary that the system was as protected as possible from cheating and deception on all three levels.

Here, of course, one has to choose priorities and the lesser evil.

So let's get started.

It is necessary to immediately divide the planned improvements into the electoral system into two categories - a change in the principles of voting and a change in the procedure itself. Let's start with the principles.

I will propose several principles that can be applied both together and separately.

These principles complicate the voting system, but at the same time dramatically improve the quality of voting, clarifying the wishes of the population and reducing the percentage of irresponsible electors.

Regarding the voting procedure - I believe that it should be done as much as possible computerized, online and transparent. Selection screen

I am not sure that now the state bodies in a race will run to realize the flight of my thoughts, but here the more important is the system itself, and the attempt to rethink.

Source: https://habr.com/ru/post/102898/

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