The term “wave” is literal here. In general, for a long time scientists have already created various devices for the transformation of wave energy into electrical energy. For various reasons, the technology has not yet received wide (read - industrial) distribution, but now everything has to change, and very quickly. The fact is that the company Ocean Power Technologies announced the imminent commissioning of a real wave power station, which will be located off the coast of Oregon.
The New Jersey-based company has already obtained the consent of 11 government agencies and several private companies to develop a 1.5-megawatt wave power plant. The system will consist of 10 PowerBuoys "floats" that can provide electricity for about a thousand houses (typical American cottages) during the year.
Each of the floats dangles on the waves for a reason - there is a “piston” inside, which moves up and down, thus generating electricity. The resulting electricity goes ashore by submarine cables. Each of the "floats" has a "beacon" and several sensors that allow employees of the future power plant to easily track every element of the system. In addition, each of the "floats" can be remotely controlled by adjusting the elements for maximum efficiency.
Oregon Iron Works is already creating floats, even though the power plant developers have not yet received a patent from the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Obtaining such a patent at the same time means permission to connect the future station to the general US electrical network. In general, the problems are unlikely to arise, since already the governor of the state of Oregon approved the creation of a new type of power plant.
“The development of such a station will create dozens of“ green ”jobs, and will also provide energy to the inhabitants of the coast. This is an amazing time, and I would like to help this industry, which practically does not harm the coastal ecosystem, develop throughout the state, ”the governor commented on the situation.
By the way, this is not the first such power plant - the “floats” are already working in Hawaii. In 2008, Ocean Power entered into a three million contract with the US Air Force to create a system that can be used for both energy generation and data collection. It seems that the "wave" technology for generating electricity is becoming more and more popular - and after all, not only the US has a suitable coast for creating such a system.A source